Senin, 05 Maret 2012

Ringkasan Materi SD Kelas 6 Semester 1


1st Semester
1.      Directions and Locations
a.       Menanyakan letak tempat.
-          Where is ... ?
-          Can you shhow me the way to ...?
-          Can you tell me where ... is?
b.      Menanyakan letak suatu daerah.
-          Where is ... located?
-          Do you know where ... is?
Vocab :
-          In                         : di dalam
-          On                        : di atas
-          At                         : di (letak tempatnya)
-          In front of            : didepan
-          Behind                 : dibelakang
-          Beside                  : disamping
-          Between               : diantara

2.      Holiday
a.      Simple Present Tense
Digunakan untuk mengekspresikan situasi atau kejadian yang sedang terjadi,selalu terjadi,atau kebiasaan yang sering dilakukan (habitually).

Pola è ( + ) S + V1/s
             ( - ) S + Do/Does + NOT + V1
             ( ? ) Do/Does + V1 ?
She
 He         di tambah s
It

Time signal/keterangan waktunya : usually,always,every,habitually.
Contoh :
-          Shinta goes to school every morning.
-          Shinta does not go to school every morning
-          Does Shinta go to school every morning?

b.      Simple Past Tense    
Digunakan untuk mengekspresikan situasi yang sudah berlalu. Dimulai dan berakhir diwaktu lampau.

Pola è ( + ) S + V2/ed
             ( - ) S + Did + NOT + V1
             (?) Did + S + V1?

Time signal/keterangan waktu : yesterday, last(night, week, year), ago.
Contoh :
-          Shinta went to school last week.
-          Shinta did not go to school last week.
-          Did shinta go to school last week?
Untuk menanyakan kemana seseorang biasanya liburan:
1.      Where does (she/he/nama orang hanya 1) usually go on holiday?
2.      Where do (you/we/they/nama orang lebih dari 1)  usually go on holiday?
Untuk menanyakan kemana seseorang AKAN pergi liburan:
1.      Where will (she/he/you/we/they/nama orang 1 atau lebih) go next holiday?

a.      Simple Future Tense
Digunakan untuk mengekspresikan situasi yang akan terjadi dimasa yang akan datang.

Pola è( + ) S + Will + V1
             ( - ) S + Will + NOT + V1
             ( ? ) Will + S + V1?

Time signal/keterangan waktu : tomorrow, next(week,year).
Contoh :
-          Shinta will go to school tomorrow.
-          Shinta will not go to school tomorrow.
-          Will shinta go to school tomorrow?

b.      Present Progressive Tense
Digunakan untuk mengekspresikan situasi yang sudah dimulai diwaktu lampau,saat ini masih dalam proses, dan mungkin akan selesai diwaktu yang akan datang.

Pola è ( + ) S + Am, Is, Are + V-ing
             ( - ) S + Am, Is, Are + NOT + V-ing
             ( ? ) Am, Is, Are + S + V1?
Time signal/keterangan waktu : right now, now.
Contoh :
-          Shinta is going to school now.
-          Shinta is not going to school now.
-          Is shinta go to school now?

3.      Describing People and Object

Jenis kata sifat
Adjective
Positive
(as ... as)
Comparative
( ... er than)
Superlatif
(the ... est)
1 - 2 suku kata




3 suku kata/lebih

Long
Fast
Old
Dirty
Ugly

Diligent
Handsome

As long as
As fast as
As old as
As dirty as
As ugly as

As diligent as
As handsome as
Longer than
Faster than
Older than
Dirtier than
Uglier than

More diligent
More handsome
The longest
The fastest
The oldest
 The dirtiest
The ugliest

The most diligent
The most handsome
Pengecualian
Good 
Bad
Much/many
-           
-           
-           
Better
Worse
More
The best
The worst
The most


4.      Shopping
a.      Simple Present Tense
Digunakan untuk mengekspresikan situasi atau kejadian yang sedang terjadi,selalu terjadi,atau kebiasaan yang sering dilakukan (habitually).

Pola è ( + ) S + V1/s
             ( - ) S + Do/Does  + NOT + V1
             ( ? ) Do/Does  + V1 ?
She
 He         di tambah s
It

Time signal/keterangan waktunya : usually,always,every,habitually.
Contoh :
-          Shinta goes to school every morning.
-          Shinta does not go to school every morning
-          Does Shinta go to school every morning?

Cara yang digunakan untuk menanyakan harga.
a.       What is the price of this .... ?
-          It is ...
b.      What are the price of these ...?
-          They are ...
c.       How much does this ... cost?
-          It costs ...
d.      How much do these ... cost?
-          They cost ...
e.       How much is this ... cost?
-          It costs ...
f.       How much are these ... cost?
-          They cost ...
Cara menyebutkan harga dalam bahasa inggris:
Contoh :
-          Rp 4, 500                    : four thousand and five hundred rupiahs.
-          Rp 20, 450                  : twenty thousand and four hundred fifty rupiahs.
-          Rp 738, 693                : seven hundred thirty eight thousand and six hundred ninety three rupiahs.
-          Rp 9, 665, 321            : nine million six hundred sixty five thousand and three hundred twenty one rupiahs.

Nama-nama toko dan penjual nya  :
Toko
Penjual
Butcher’s (daging)
Butcher
Shop (toko)
Shopkeeper
Florist (bunga)
-           
Stationery (alat tulis)
-           
Fishmonger (ikan)
-           
Drugstore (obat)
-           
Greengrocer (sayuran)
-           
Bakery (kue)
-           

5.      Ownership

S
O
A
P
Reflectives (pantulan dari A)
I
Me
My
Mine
Myself
You
You
Your
Yours
Yourself/Yourselves
We
Us
Our
Ours
Ourselves
They
Them
Their
Theirs
Their selves
She
Her
Her
Hers
Herself
He
Him
His
His
Himself
Silvi
Silvi’s
Silvi’s
Silvi’s
Herself
Rian
Rian’s
Rian’s
Rian’s
Himself

Contoh :
a.       I have a cap
-          The cap belongs to me
-          It is my cap
-          It is mine
b.      She has a cap
-          The cap belongs to her
-          It is her cap
-          It is hers

6.      Folktale
Pola yang digunakan untuk folktale adalah pola PAST TENSE.

Pola è ( + ) S + V2/ed + Object/Adverb
             ( - ) S +  Did + NOT + V1 + Object/Adverb           setiap ketemu kata kerja
             (?) Did + S + V1 + Object/Adverb ?

( + ) S + Was/Were + Adjective/ Noun/Adverb
             ( - ) S + Was/Were)+ NOT + Adjective/Noun/Adverb      setiap ketemu kata sifat
             (?) Was/Were + S + Adjective/Noun/Adverb ?

-          Adjective (kata sifat) : beautiful, handsome, ugly, rich, poor, clever, lazy, diligent, stupid, excellent, clean, dirty, neat, ect.
-          Noun (kata benda) : table, chair, book, castle, king, queen, emperor, robber, witch, dwarf, beggar, giant, knight, fish, erupted volcano, etc.
-          Adverb (kata keterangan) :
Adverb of time (waktu) : long time ago, hundred years ago, thousand years ago, yesterday, tomorrow, last(week, year, month), next(week, year, month), etc.
Adverb of place (tempat) : on the table, in the living room, at school, etc.
Adverb of manner (cara) : carefully, happily, sadly, kindly, softly, etc.

Cara menanyakan tempat asal suatu cerita.
-          Where is the ... of ... from ?